Assessment accommodations are changes in testing materials or procedures that lessen barriers to access but do not change the test construct, or what the test is intended to measure. Deaf people are diverse with varying needs. Accommodations that increase accessibility for deaf people are therefore variable across this population. Examples of accommodations that deaf people may use during a test include signed presentation of directions and/or test items, administration in a separate setting, or extended time. The purpose of this brief is to describe why deaf people may need accommodations to increase access to test content.