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Now known as the year of the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 started on a bright note for vocational rehabilitation (VR) in the United States.
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Vocational Rehabilitation Program — the federally-funded initiative founded in 1920 to assist people with disabilities and which has empowered millions to become independent and employed.
Currently, though, VR counselors and agencies are coping with the coronavirus crisis, facing unprecedented uncertainties and challenges. Yet the centennial anniversary is a reminder that they can draw upon a century of innovative service and success.
And, for serving their deaf and hard of hearing clients, they can also draw upon the National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes (NDC), a technical assistance center committed to closing substantial gaps in employment and education for deaf people.
NDC has a wealth of online VR resources just a click away, to boost deaf success during the pandemic (and beyond). These are the “essential eight” — the most useful, evidence-based assets every VR counselor needs right now — in a checklist format for easy implementation with deaf clients.
1. The Must-Have: VR Professionals Toolkit
Deaf people have diverse identities, communication preferences, and access needs. VR professionals who effectively collaborate with deaf youth are better prepared to provide individualized services, effective career pathways, and improved outcomes.
NDC’s VR Professionals Toolkit is a one-stop-shop of online information and tools that include Top 10 Tips for VR Professionals and deep dives into transition, accommodations, deaf identity, and legal and policy topics.
2. Ensure Access to Pre-ETS
Thanks to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), VR agencies must allocate at least 15% of their federal budget to provide pre-employment transition services (pre-ETS). That funding gives agencies more opportunities to work closely with deaf high school students to ensure that they have access to job exploration counseling and other services, plus it lets agencies take advantage of community rehabilitation providers equipped to offer pre-ETS online — opening the doors to deaf-accessible services that may not be available locally.
NDC’s online Pre-Employment Transition Services Guide provides resources, practices, and considerations to support the provision of the five required pre-ETS categories with deaf clients: job exploration counseling, work-based learning experiences, counseling on postsecondary opportunities, workplace readiness training, and instruction in self-advocacy.
3. Work Online and Be Accessible
Face-to-face meetings may not be possible. Many people are working from home. Check out NDC’s COVID-19 Information Hub for a complete list of tips and remote resources to help VR counselors and their agencies work from home, connect with deaf clients online, and use technology to be accessible.
The wide variety of topics include hosting effective online meetings, using hearing assistive technology at home, how deaf college students can take control of online learning, and much more.
4. Rely on Remote Role Models
Research shows that role models positively influence deaf youth’s personal development, achievement in academics, and employment. But how can you connect deaf clients with role models during a pandemic?
NDC’s Deaf Success video stories are an online solution. They showcase an empowering variety of careers and professions that deaf youth want to pursue, providing examples of accomplishment, resilience, and ingenuity. Share them as a stand alone resource or integrate them into other programming options.
5. Get Help: A Team On Your Side
Have a fire to put out and don’t know where to turn? Contact the NDC Help Team, the center’s front line of support and assistance. They have VR counselors on staff who can answer questions about accessible technology options and strategies for deaf clients, schools, colleges, and business owners.
Want to stay in regular touch with their expertise? Subscribe to NDC’s email newsletter or listserv.
6. Foster Self-Advocacy with ASL-Accessible Tools
To assess deaf VR clients, use the Self-Determination Inventory: Student Report (SDI:SR), a 15-minute online assessment in English or American Sign Language (ASL) that asks them how they feel about their ability to to select choices, set and go after goals, and make decisions. Upon completion, use the report about their strengths and areas of need to set goals and develop plans.
Deafverse, the first-ever ASL-accessible online game for deaf teenagers, is a go-to resource to practice and develop self-advocacy skills at home. Launched in 2019 by an NDC team of deaf creators and educators, Deafverse is a free, choose-your-own-adventure game that includes a Teacher Strategy Guide which can be implemented in VR settings.
7. Plan Ahead: Accessible Work-Based Learning
One day the pandemic will be over. Plan ahead by learning how to create an accessible work-based learning program that can foster high expectations and prepare young adults for job success.
NDC’s free online class, Developing Accessible Work Based Learning Programs, features real-world examples from students, employers, and administrators. Typically completed in just three hours and eligible for CRC clock hours, it delves into the details of work-based learning program design, identifies field-based strategies that address common challenges in program development, and provides ways to achieve equitable access.
8. Grow Professionally: Improve Skills at Home
The pandemic has created countless new challenges to work, connect, and engage from home. Yet it may also offer time to focus on professional development and find opportunities for growth.
Use this Professional Development Checklist: Six Ways to Improve Your Skills From Home to help improve VR capacity to serve deaf clients. NDC also offers an online learning library with free self-directed classes to earn CRC clock hours and support the postsecondary success of deaf clients.
Share the “essential eight” VR resources with colleagues working with deaf youth, and stay tuned for new online resources, classes, and research findings. Now is the time to come together as a vocational rehabilitation community, support each other, and make sure everyone is maximizing accessibility, inclusion, and independence — now and for the next 100 years.