American Educational Research Association 2019 Annual Meeting

Event Date: April 5, 2019
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English to Sign Language Translations of Assessments: Three Case Studies and Implications for Construct Validity, Stephanie Cawthon, Carrie Lou Garberoglio & Jeffrey Palmer; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: In designing accessible assessments of deaf students’ knowledge, the goal is to remove obstacles which lead to invalid interpretations of resultant test scores. One approach is to provide sign language translations of existing assessment items. In this paper we review the literature on approaches to sign language translation and describe protocols used for three different measurement translation projects.

Understanding deaf people who are not in the labor force: A cluster analysis. , Carrie Lou Garberoglio, Stephanie Cawthon, Jeffrey Palmer & Adam Sales; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: Deaf people are increasingly gaining access to continuing education and training opportunities after high school, yet almost half of deaf people opt out of the labor force. To better understand the characteristics of deaf people who do not participate in the labor force, a cluster analysis was conducted using data from the 2016 American Community Survey. This presentation will share the results of this cluster analysis. Findings can help researchers, policy-makers, and educators identify risk factors and design programming that takes those individual differences into account.

Educational Attainment by Deaf Students and Student Veterans with Hearing Loss, Jeffrey Palmer; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: Postsecondary education has become an increasingly important prerequisite for successful transition from military to civilian life. Since nonmilitary students with varying degrees of hearing loss attain lower levels of education than their hearing peers, this study investigates the relationship between veteran status, hearing loss, and educational attainment. This poster will share attainment data for Veterans with hearing loss and suggested barriers within the postsecondary setting.


This is an image of Carrie Lou. The image shows her smiling at the camera. she is formally dressed in black and is wearing eyeglass.

Carrie Lou Bloom, PhD

As a deaf person who grew up in the deaf community, Dr. Carrie Lou Bloom’s professional expertise is steeped in her lived experience. A nationally-recognized...
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Jeffrey Palmer, PhD

Dr. Jeffrey Levi Palmer is a researcher, heritage signer, and Coda. He is interested not only in the formative factors that contribute to optimal language,...

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